Individuals convicted by a court of law of a sexual offense must register. The term and category of registration depends on the crime of conviction, the age of the victim and the date that the offense was committed.
"Convicted" means when the person:
Tier I - These registrants have been convicted in Maryland of a crime listed below or convicted in another jurisdiction of a Tier I offense. These registrants register for 15 years.
Tier II - These registrants have been convicted in Maryland of a crime listed below or convicted in another jurisdiction of a Tier II offense. These registrants register for 25 years.
Tier III - These registrants have been convicted in Maryland of a crime listed below or convicted in another jurisdiction of a Tier III offense. These registrants register for life.
All registrants must register with a supervising authority or with the designated local law enforcement unit.
All registrants must initially register with a supervising authority or with the designated local law enforcement unit within:
All Maryland Registrants must update their registration statements within:
Non-Residents must initially register with a supervising authority or with the designated local law enforcement unit within:
Different states have different lengths of sex offender registration. Maryland has 3 lengths of registration: 15 years, 25 years and life. The length of registration is determined by the sex offender's conviction. For Maryland convictions the chart in question 1 explains which convictions carries what length of registration.
Tier III = Lifetime Registration Tier II = 25 Years Tier I = 15 Years
Non-resident registrants who are working or attending school in Maryland must register for the period of time specified for the category of registration, or until the registrant's employment or student enrollment in Maryland ends (if that occurs before termination of the registration period).
Death - Upon receipt of a death notice for a registrant from a designated local law enforcement unit, supervising authority, or other official source, the registrant’s name and other identifying information is removed from the registry.
Relocation - When a registrant moves out-of-state, the name is removed from the registry and the central registry in the new State is notified.
Expiration of Registration - When a registrant's term of registration is completed the name and other identifying information is removed from the registry.
Pardon, Expungement or Overturned Conviction - If a registrant is able to get a pardon, an expungement, or have the qualifying conviction overturned the name and other identifying information is removed from the registry.
A registrant's public registration statement contains the following information:
If the registrant changes address, including moving out of state, he or she is required to notify the Department of Public Safety and Correctional Services in writing within three (3) days.
If the registrant appropriately notifies the Department or the law enforcement agency where he or she has been habitually living, the Maryland Sex Offender Registry (MDSORU) will notify the new county's local law enforcement unit, the SOR unit in the new state of residence, or the designated federal unit if the registrant's conviction occurred in a federal, military, or Native American tribal court law.
If the registrant does not notify either the Department of the local law enforcement agency a warrant for his or her arrest will be issued and is subject to penalties under the Criminal Procedure Article § 11-721, Annotated Code of Maryland. The MDSORU may also contact the U.S. Marshal's if it is believed the registrant absconded to another state.
If a sex offender knowingly fails to register, change his or her address or fails to provide a change as directed is subject to the penalties under Criminal Procedure Article, §11-721, Annotated Code of Maryland.
The law states that a registrant who knowingly fails to register, fails to provide notice of change of address, change of enrollment or employment at a Maryland Institution of Higher Education, or who knowingly provides false information may be found guilty of a misdemeanor and may be subject to imprisonment for up to three years or a fine of up to $5,000 or both.
Each Maryland registrant is required to sign a "Notice of Responsibilities" Form every time he or she registers. The following is a list of registrant responsibilities:
A person who moves to Maryland and has an obligation to register as a sex offender in another state must register here in Maryland.
A person who moves to Maryland and was convicted of an offense that in another state that constitutes a registerable crime in Maryland must also register.
Sex offenders subject to the Criminal Procedure Article, §§ 11-701--11-722, Annotated Code of Maryland, who move into Maryland must register within three (3) days of establishing a temporary or permanent residence in Maryland, or applying for a driver's license in this state, whichever occurs earlier.
A person who is a resident of another state where he or she is required to register and who enters Maryland for the purpose of employment or attending school must register within three (3) days of beginning employment or registering as a student.
Employment includes working or "carrying on a vocation," and may be full time or part time for a sequential period of the time in Maryland exceeding 14 days or for an aggregate period of the time in Maryland exceeding 30 days during any calendar year. The employment or vocation may be financially compensated, volunteered, or for the purpose of government or educational benefit.
Attending school includes full-time or part-time attendance at any public or private educational institution, including any secondary school, trade, or professional institution, or institution of higher education.
"Release" means any type of release from the custody of a supervising authority, including:
All sex offenders must register PRIOR to release from any correctional facility.
Any member of the public may obtain a copy of an offender's registration statement as governed by State and Federal law. Maryland's law provides for the automatic dissemination of registration information. Copies of registration statements will include the registrant's photograph but will not include fingerprints, social security number, victim information, or any other information prohibited from disclosure under the law.
The registrant's victim, or the parent or legal guardian of a victim who is a minor, is entitled to automatic notification. (Note: a victim who has filed a notification request form under Criminal Procedure Article, § 11-104, need not make a separate written request for a copy of the registrant's registration statement.)
Designated local law enforcement units must also send a copy of a registration statement to an individual who makes a written request.
A perpetrator of sexual assault is very unlikely to be someone who is a stranger to you and your family. Most sexual crimes are committed by someone who has access to you or your children.
1U.S. Department of Justice. 2005 National Crime Victimization Study. 2005.
2U.S. Department of Justice. "National Estimates of Missing Children: An Overview" in National Incidence Studies of Missing, Abducted, Runaway, and Thrown away Children. 2005.
No, Maryland does not have any residency restrictions. Information put out by other states has shown that residency restrictions do not help to prevent sexual offenses from occurring because the victims and the offenders, in most situations, know each other. Having ready access to victims, in private and secretive environments, is how sex offenders thrive.
Some states, such as Iowa and Florida, have found that residency restrictions can make it very difficult to track sex offenders who have become homeless. Homeless sex offenders are also more difficult to register and without an address the registry is unable to tell the public where the offender lives. Homeless sex offenders are better able to operate in private and secretive environments. By registering a sex offender with a valid address the police, the Sex Offender Registry and the community are all better able to make sure that offender is not able to re-offend.
RAINN (Rape, Abuse, Incest National Network) - National Sexual Assault Telephone Hotline - 1.800.656.HOPE
RAINN Online Hotline - The caller's phone number is not retained, so the call is anonymous and confidential unless the caller chooses to share personally-identifying information.
Maryland Coalition Against Sexual Assault (MCASA)
What To Do If You Are Raped
Maryland Rape Recovery Centers
Sexual Assault Legal Institute (SALI) - Direct Civil Legal Services for Victims and Survivors MCASA's SALI provides direct civil legal services for victims and survivors of sexual assault regarding:
All of Maryland's laws can be found online at the Maryland State Law Library website: Sources of Maryland Law
Sex Offender Registration law is in the Criminal Procedure Article, § 11-701 through § 11-721, Annotated Code of Maryland.
Definitions of Sexual Offenses and Other Registerable Crimes can be found in the Criminal Law Article under subtitles 3, 5, and 6, Annotate Code of Maryland. Use the chart in Q1 to identify specific citations for each registerable offense.